The Arcade Learning Environment: An Evaluation Platform for General Agents

19 Jul 2012Marc G. BellemareYavar NaddafJoel VenessMichael Bowling

In this article we introduce the Arcade Learning Environment (ALE): both a challenge problem and a platform and methodology for evaluating the development of general, domain-independent AI technology. ALE provides an interface to hundreds of Atari 2600 game environments, each one different, interesting, and designed to be a challenge for human players... (read more)

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Results from the Paper


TASK DATASET MODEL METRIC NAME METRIC VALUE GLOBAL RANK RESULT BENCHMARK
Atari Games Atari 2600 Alien UCT Score 7785 # 7
Atari Games Atari 2600 Alien Best Learner Score 939.2 # 32
Atari Games Atari 2600 Amidar UCT Score 180.3 # 31
Atari Games Atari 2600 Amidar Best Learner Score 103.4 # 38
Atari Games Atari 2600 Assault UCT Score 1512.2 # 31
Atari Games Atari 2600 Assault Best Learner Score 628 # 34
Atari Games Atari 2600 Asterix UCT Score 290700 # 10
Atari Games Atari 2600 Asterix Best Learner Score 987.3 # 37
Atari Games Atari 2600 Asteroids Best Learner Score 907.3 # 34
Atari Games Atari 2600 Asteroids UCT Score 4660.6 # 8
Atari Games Atari 2600 Atlantis UCT Score 193858 # 30
Atari Games Atari 2600 Atlantis Best Learner Score 62687 # 34
Atari Games Atari 2600 Bank Heist UCT Score 497.8 # 27
Atari Games Atari 2600 Bank Heist Best Learner Score 190.8 # 34
Atari Games Atari 2600 Battle Zone Best Learner Score 15819.7 # 31
Atari Games Atari 2600 Battle Zone UCT Score 70333.3 # 5
Atari Games Atari 2600 Beam Rider UCT Score 6624.6 # 29
Atari Games Atari 2600 Beam Rider Best Learner Score 929.4 # 38
Atari Games Atari 2600 Berzerk Best Learner Score 501.3 # 30
Atari Games Atari 2600 Berzerk Best Baseline Score 670 # 28
Atari Games Atari 2600 Bowling Best Learner Score 43.9 # 26
Atari Games Atari 2600 Boxing UCT Score 100 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Boxing Best Learner Score 44 # 28
Atari Games Atari 2600 Breakout Best Learner Score 5.2 # 41
Atari Games Atari 2600 Breakout UCT Score 364.4 # 26
Atari Games Atari 2600 Carnival UCT Score 5132.0 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Centipede Full Tree Score 125123 # 4
Atari Games Atari 2600 Centipede Best Learner Score 8803.8 # 12
Atari Games Atari 2600 Chopper Command Best Learner Score 1581.5 # 34
Atari Games Atari 2600 Chopper Command UCT Score 34018.8 # 6
Atari Games Atari 2600 Crazy Climber Best Learner Score 23410.6 # 36
Atari Games Atari 2600 Crazy Climber UCT Score 98172.2 # 30
Atari Games Atari 2600 Demon Attack UCT Score 28158.8 # 26
Atari Games Atari 2600 Demon Attack Best Learner Score 520.5 # 36
Atari Games Atari 2600 Double Dunk Best Learner Score -13.1 # 31
Atari Games Atari 2600 Double Dunk UCT Score 24 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Elevator Action UCT Score 18100.0 # 3
Atari Games Atari 2600 Enduro UCT Score 286.3 # 28
Atari Games Atari 2600 Enduro Best Learner Score 129.1 # 30
Atari Games Atari 2600 Fishing Derby UCT Score 37.8 # 13
Atari Games Atari 2600 Fishing Derby Best Learner Score -89.5 # 36
Atari Games Atari 2600 Freeway Best Baseline Score 22.5 # 26
Atari Games Atari 2600 Freeway Best Learner Score 19.1 # 29
Atari Games Atari 2600 Freeway UCT Score 0.4 # 32
Atari Games Atari 2600 Frostbite UCT Score 270.5 # 37
Atari Games Atari 2600 Frostbite Best Learner Score 216.9 # 38
Atari Games Atari 2600 Gopher UCT Score 20560 # 15
Atari Games Atari 2600 Gopher Best Learner Score 1288.3 # 34
Atari Games Atari 2600 Gravitar UCT Score 2850 # 5
Atari Games Atari 2600 Gravitar Best Learner Score 387.7 # 28
Atari Games Atari 2600 HERO Best linear Score 6459 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 HERO Best Learner Score 6458.8 # 34
Atari Games Atari 2600 HERO UCT Score 12859.5 # 30
Atari Games Atari 2600 Ice Hockey UCT Score 39.4 # 3
Atari Games Atari 2600 Ice Hockey Best Learner Score -9.5 # 29
Atari Games Atari 2600 James Bond Best Learner Score 202.8 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 James Bond UCT Score 330 # 31
Atari Games Atari 2600 Journey Escape UCT Score 7683.3 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Kangaroo Best Learner Score 1622.1 # 26
Atari Games Atari 2600 Kangaroo UCT Score 1990 # 23
Atari Games Atari 2600 Krull Best Learner Score 3371.5 # 35
Atari Games Atari 2600 Krull UCT Score 5037 # 32
Atari Games Atari 2600 Kung-Fu Master UCT Score 48854.5 # 8
Atari Games Atari 2600 Kung-Fu Master Best Learner Score 19544 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 Montezuma's Revenge Best Learner Score 10.7 # 31
Atari Games Atari 2600 Ms. Pacman Best Learner Score 1691.8 # 26
Atari Games Atari 2600 Ms. Pacman UCT Score 22336 # 3
Atari Games Atari 2600 Name This Game Best Learner Score 2500.1 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 Name This Game UCT Score 15410 # 9
Atari Games Atari 2600 Pong UCT Score 21 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Pong Best Learner Score -19 # 22
Atari Games Atari 2600 Pooyan Best Learner Score 1225.3 # 3
Atari Games Atari 2600 Pooyan UCT Score 17763.4 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Private Eye Best Learner Score 684.3 # 15
Atari Games Atari 2600 Private Eye Best Baseline Score 1947.3 # 11
Atari Games Atari 2600 Q*Bert UCT Score 17343.4 # 13
Atari Games Atari 2600 Q*Bert Best Learner Score 613.5 # 39
Atari Games Atari 2600 River Raid Best Learner Score 1904.3 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 River Raid UCT Score 4449 # 30
Atari Games Atari 2600 Road Runner UCT Score 38725 # 25
Atari Games Atari 2600 Road Runner Best Learner Score 67.7 # 35
Atari Games Atari 2600 Robotank UCT Score 50.4 # 22
Atari Games Atari 2600 Robotank Best Learner Score 28.7 # 24
Atari Games Atari 2600 Seaquest Best Learner Score 664.8 # 39
Atari Games Atari 2600 Seaquest UCT Score 5132.4 # 23
Atari Games Atari 2600 Skiing Full Tree Score 0 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Skiing Best Learner Score 0 # 1
Atari Games Atari 2600 Space Invaders Best Learner Score 250.1 # 39
Atari Games Atari 2600 Space Invaders UCT Score 2718 # 22
Atari Games Atari 2600 Star Gunner Best Learner Score 1069.5 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 Star Gunner Full Tree Score 1345 # 32
Atari Games Atari 2600 Tennis UCT Score 2.8 # 9
Atari Games Atari 2600 Tennis Best Learner Score -0.1 # 12
Atari Games Atari 2600 Time Pilot UCT Score 63854.5 # 4
Atari Games Atari 2600 Time Pilot Best Learner Score 3741.2 # 32
Atari Games Atari 2600 Tutankham UCT Score 225.5 # 13
Atari Games Atari 2600 Tutankham Best Learner Score 114.3 # 25
Atari Games Atari 2600 Up and Down UCT Score 74473.6 # 10
Atari Games Atari 2600 Up and Down Best Learner Score 3532.7 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 Venture Best Learner Score 66 # 25
Atari Games Atari 2600 Video Pinball Best Learner Score 16871.3 # 33
Atari Games Atari 2600 Video Pinball UCT Score 254748 # 20
Atari Games Atari 2600 Wizard of Wor Best Learner Score 1981.3 # 31
Atari Games Atari 2600 Wizard of Wor UCT Score 105500 # 3
Atari Games Atari 2600 Zaxxon UCT Score 22610 # 7
Atari Games Atari 2600 Zaxxon Best Learner Score 3365.1 # 31

Methods used in the Paper


METHOD TYPE
🤖 No Methods Found Help the community by adding them if they're not listed; e.g. Deep Residual Learning for Image Recognition uses ResNet