Neural-Symbolic VQA: Disentangling Reasoning from Vision and Language Understanding

We marry two powerful ideas: deep representation learning for visual recognition and language understanding, and symbolic program execution for reasoning. Our neural-symbolic visual question answering (NS-VQA) system first recovers a structural scene representation from the image and a program trace from the question... It then executes the program on the scene representation to obtain an answer. Incorporating symbolic structure as prior knowledge offers three unique advantages. First, executing programs on a symbolic space is more robust to long program traces; our model can solve complex reasoning tasks better, achieving an accuracy of 99.8% on the CLEVR dataset. Second, the model is more data- and memory-efficient: it performs well after learning on a small number of training data; it can also encode an image into a compact representation, requiring less storage than existing methods for offline question answering. Third, symbolic program execution offers full transparency to the reasoning process; we are thus able to interpret and diagnose each execution step. read more

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Results from the Paper


Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Visual Question Answering CLEVR NS-VQA (1K programs) Accuracy 99.8 # 1
Visual Question Answering CLEVR-Humans NS-VQA (1K programs) Accuracy 67.8 # 4

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