A reinforcement learning application of guided Monte Carlo Tree Search algorithm for beam orientation selection in radiation therapy

Due to the large combinatorial problem, current beam orientation optimization algorithms for radiotherapy, such as column generation (CG), are typically heuristic or greedy in nature, leading to suboptimal solutions. We propose a reinforcement learning strategy using Monte Carlo Tree Search capable of finding a superior beam orientation set and in less time than CG.We utilized a reinforcement learning structure involving a supervised learning network to guide Monte Carlo tree search (GTS) to explore the decision space of beam orientation selection problem... (read more)

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