A Comparative Study of Lexical Substitution Approaches based on Neural Language Models

Lexical substitution in context is an extremely powerful technology that can be used as a backbone of various NLP applications, such as word sense induction, lexical relation extraction, data augmentation, etc. In this paper, we present a large-scale comparative study of popular neural language and masked language models (LMs and MLMs), such as context2vec, ELMo, BERT, XLNet, applied to the task of lexical substitution... (read more)

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