Spatial Pyramid Pooling (SPP) is a pooling layer that removes the fixed-size constraint of the network, i.e. a CNN does not require a fixed-size input image. Specifically, we add an SPP layer on top of the last convolutional layer. The SPP layer pools the features and generates fixed-length outputs, which are then fed into the fully-connected layers (or other classifiers). In other words, we perform some information aggregation at a deeper stage of the network hierarchy (between convolutional layers and fully-connected layers) to avoid the need for cropping or warping at the beginning.

Source: Spatial Pyramid Pooling in Deep Convolutional Networks for Visual Recognition

Latest Papers

PAPER DATE
Scaled-YOLOv4: Scaling Cross Stage Partial Network
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2020-11-16
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Sri Jamiya SEsther Rani P
2020-11-11
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2020-11-09
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Zijue ChenDavid TingRhys NewburyChao Chen
2020-10-14
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Spatial--spectral FFPNet: Attention-Based Pyramid Network for Segmentation and Classification of Remote Sensing Images
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Rethinking Image Deraining via Rain Streaks and Vapors
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Object Detection and Tracking Algorithms for Vehicle Counting: A Comparative Analysis
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Deep learning for lithological classification of carbonate rock micro-CT images
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2020-07-30
PP-YOLO: An Effective and Efficient Implementation of Object Detector
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2020-07-23
Real-Time Instrument Segmentation in Robotic Surgery using Auxiliary Supervised Deep Adversarial Learning
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Suppress and Balance: A Simple Gated Network for Salient Object Detection
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Multi-Task Pruning for Semantic Segmentation Networks
Xinghao ChenYunhe WangYiman ZhangPeng DuChunjing XuChang Xu
2020-07-16
Fabric Image Representation Encoding Networks for Large-scale 3D Medical Image Analysis
Siyu LiuWei DaiCraig EngstromJurgen FrippPeter B. GreerStuart CrozierJason A. DowlingShekhar S. Chandra
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DoubleU-Net: A Deep Convolutional Neural Network for Medical Image Segmentation
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2020-06-08
Dilated Convolutions with Lateral Inhibitions for Semantic Image Segmentation
Yujiang WangMingzhi DongJie ShenYiming LinMaja Pantic
2020-06-05
Height estimation from single aerial images using a deep ordinal regression network
Xiang LiMingyang WangYi Fang
2020-06-04
GSTO: Gated Scale-Transfer Operation for Multi-Scale Feature Learning in Pixel Labeling
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2020-05-27
A Sim2Real Deep Learning Approach for the Transformation of Images from Multiple Vehicle-Mounted Cameras to a Semantically Segmented Image in Bird's Eye View
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COVID-19 Chest CT Image Segmentation -- A Deep Convolutional Neural Network Solution
Qingsen YanBo WangDong GongChuan LuoWei ZhaoJianhu ShenQinfeng ShiShuo JinLiang ZhangZheng You
2020-04-23
YOLOv4: Optimal Speed and Accuracy of Object Detection
| Alexey BochkovskiyChien-Yao WangHong-Yuan Mark Liao
2020-04-23
ResNeSt: Split-Attention Networks
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Real-Time High-Performance Semantic Image Segmentation of Urban Street Scenes
Genshun DongYan YanChunhua ShenHanzi Wang
2020-03-11
FarSee-Net: Real-Time Semantic Segmentation by Efficient Multi-scale Context Aggregation and Feature Space Super-resolution
Zhanpeng ZhangKaipeng Zhang
2020-03-09
Rethinking Fully Convolutional Networks for the Analysis of Photoluminescence Wafer Images
Maike Lorena SternHans LindbergKlaus Meyer-Wegener
2020-03-01
GSANet: Semantic Segmentation with Global and Selective Attention
Qingfeng LiuMostafa El-KhamyDongwoon BaiJungwon Lee
2020-02-14
A shallow feature extraction network with a large receptive field for stereo matching tasks
Jianguo LiuYunjian FengGuo JiFuwu Yan
2020-01-01
Handling Missing MRI Input Data in Deep Learning Segmentation of Brain Metastases: A Multi-Center Study
Endre GrøvikDarvin YiMichael IvElizabeth TongLine Brennhaug NilsenAnna LatyshevaCathrine SaxhaugKari Dolven JacobsenÅslaug HellandKyrre Eeg EmblemDaniel RubinGreg Zaharchuk
2019-12-27
PointRend: Image Segmentation as Rendering
| Alexander KirillovYuxin WuKaiming HeRoss Girshick
2019-12-17
LiteSeg: A Novel Lightweight ConvNet for Semantic Segmentation
| Taha EmaraHossam E. Abd El MunimHazem M. Abbas
2019-12-13
U-Net with spatial pyramid pooling for drusen segmentation in optical coherence tomography
Rhona AsgariSebastian WaldsteinFerdinand SchlanitzMagdalena BaratsitsUrsula Schmidt-ErfurthHrvoje Bogunović
2019-12-11
Edge-Guided Occlusion Fading Reduction for a Light-Weighted Self-Supervised Monocular Depth Estimation
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2019-11-26
AnoNet: Weakly Supervised Anomaly Detection in Textured Surfaces
| Manpreet Singh MinhasJohn Zelek
2019-11-24
Fine-Grained Visual Recognition with Batch Confusion Norm
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2019-10-28
Fine-Grained Visual Classification with Batch Confusion Norm
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2019-10-28
Gradient Information Guided Deraining with A Novel Network and Adversarial Training
Yinglong WangHaokui ZhangYu LiuQinfeng ShiBing Zeng
2019-10-09
What's There in the Dark
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Deep learning architectures for automated image segmentation
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2019-09-19
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Ye HuangQingqing WangWenjing JiaXiangjian He
2019-08-26
ACE-Net: Biomedical Image Segmentation with Augmented Contracting and Expansive Paths
Yanhao ZhuZhineng ChenShuai ZhaoHongtao XieWenming GuoYongdong Zhang
2019-08-23
FocusNet: Imbalanced Large and Small Organ Segmentation with an End-to-End Deep Neural Network for Head and Neck CT Images
Yunhe GaoRui HuangMing ChenZhe WangJincheng DengYuanyuan ChenYiwei YangJie ZhangChanjuan TaoHongsheng Li
2019-07-28
CLCI-Net: Cross-Level fusion and Context Inference Networks for Lesion Segmentation of Chronic Stroke
| Hao YangWeijian HuangKehan QiCheng LiXinfeng LiuMeiyun WangHairong ZhengShanshan Wang
2019-07-16
Adaptive Context Encoding Module for Semantic Segmentation
Congcong WangFaouzi Alaya CheikhAzeddine BeghdadiOle Jakob Elle
2019-07-13
ELKPPNet: An Edge-aware Neural Network with Large Kernel Pyramid Pooling for Learning Discriminative Features in Semantic Segmentation
Xianwei ZhengLinxi HuanHanjiang XiongJianya Gong
2019-06-27
Global Context for Convolutional Pose Machines
| Daniil Osokin
2019-06-10
RENAS: Reinforced Evolutionary Neural Architecture Search
Yukang Chen Gaofeng Meng Qian Zhang Shiming Xiang Chang Huang Lisen Mu Xinggang Wang
2019-06-01
Hierarchical Deep Stereo Matching on High-Resolution Images
| Gengshan Yang Joshua Manela Michael Happold Deva Ramanan
2019-06-01
Deep Dilated Convolutional Nets for the Automatic Segmentation of Retinal Vessels
Ali HatamizadehHamid HosseiniZhengyuan LiuSteven D. SchwartzDemetri Terzopoulos
2019-05-28
A Context-and-Spatial Aware Network for Multi-Person Pose Estimation
Dongdong YuKai SuXin GengChanghu Wang
2019-05-14
Multi-scale Cross-form Pyramid Network for Stereo Matching
Zhidong ZhuMingyi HeYuchao DaiZhibo RaoBo Li
2019-04-25
CaseNet: Content-Adaptive Scale Interaction Networks for Scene Parsing
Xin JinCuiling LanWenjun ZengZhizheng ZhangZhibo Chen
2019-04-17
DC-SPP-YOLO: Dense Connection and Spatial Pyramid Pooling Based YOLO for Object Detection
Zhanchao HuangJianlin Wang
2019-03-20
A Deep Learning Framework for Assessing Physical Rehabilitation Exercises
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Monocular Outdoor Semantic Mapping with a Multi-task Network
Yucai BaiLei FanZiyu PanLong Chen
2019-01-17
Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Imaging Data Based Survival Analysis of Rectal Cancer
Hongming LiPamela BoimelJames Janopaul-NaylorHaoyu ZhongYing XiaoEdgar Ben-JosefYong Fan
2019-01-05
Pixel-Anchor: A Fast Oriented Scene Text Detector with Combined Networks
| Yuan LiYuanjie YuZefeng LiYangkun LinMeifang XuJiwei LiXi Zhou
2018-11-19
Adversarial Learning for Image Forensics Deep Matching with Atrous Convolution
Yaqi LiuXianfeng ZhaoXiaobin ZhuYun Cao
2018-09-08
Parallel Feature Pyramid Network for Object Detection
| Seung-Wook KimHyong-Keun KookJee-Young SunMun-Cheon KangSung-Jea Ko
2018-09-01
Self-Supervised Model Adaptation for Multimodal Semantic Segmentation
| Abhinav ValadaRohit MohanWolfram Burgard
2018-08-11
Reinforced Evolutionary Neural Architecture Search
| Yukang ChenGaofeng MengQian ZhangShiming XiangChang HuangLisen MuXinggang Wang
2018-08-01
Improving Electron Micrograph Signal-to-Noise with an Atrous Convolutional Encoder-Decoder
| Jeffrey M. Ede
2018-07-30
Convolutional Sparse Kernel Network for Unsupervised Medical Image Analysis
Euijoon AhnJinman KimAshnil KumarMichael FulhamDagan Feng
2018-07-16
Detection of Premature Ventricular Contractions Using Densely Connected Deep Convolutional Neural Network with Spatial Pyramid Pooling Layer
Jianning Li
2018-06-12
MILD-Net: Minimal Information Loss Dilated Network for Gland Instance Segmentation in Colon Histology Images
Simon GrahamHao ChenJevgenij GamperQi DouPheng-Ann HengDavid SneadYee Wah TsangNasir Rajpoot
2018-06-05
DenseASPP for Semantic Segmentation in Street Scenes
| Maoke YangKun YuChi ZhangZhiwei LiKuiyuan Yang
2018-06-01
Vortex Pooling: Improving Context Representation in Semantic Segmentation
Chen-Wei XieHong-Yu ZhouJianxin Wu
2018-04-17
Pyramid Stereo Matching Network
| Jia-Ren ChangYong-Sheng Chen
2018-03-23
Encoder-Decoder with Atrous Separable Convolution for Semantic Image Segmentation
| Liang-Chieh ChenYukun ZhuGeorge PapandreouFlorian SchroffHartwig Adam
2018-02-07
MobileNetV2: Inverted Residuals and Linear Bottlenecks
| Mark SandlerAndrew HowardMenglong ZhuAndrey ZhmoginovLiang-Chieh Chen
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Rethinking Atrous Convolution for Semantic Image Segmentation
| Liang-Chieh ChenGeorge PapandreouFlorian SchroffHartwig Adam
2017-06-17
Learning Multi-Scale Deep Features for High-Resolution Satellite Image Classification
Qingshan LiuRenlong HangHuihui SongZhi Li
2016-11-11
DeepLab: Semantic Image Segmentation with Deep Convolutional Nets, Atrous Convolution, and Fully Connected CRFs
| Liang-Chieh ChenGeorge PapandreouIasonas KokkinosKevin MurphyAlan L. Yuille
2016-06-02
Deep Self-Convolutional Activations Descriptor for Dense Cross-Modal Correspondence
Seungryong KimDongbo MinStephen LinKwanghoon Sohn
2016-03-21
Delving Deep into Rectifiers: Surpassing Human-Level Performance on ImageNet Classification
| Kaiming HeXiangyu ZhangShaoqing RenJian Sun
2015-02-06
Face Identification with Second-Order Pooling
Fumin ShenChunhua ShenHeng Tao Shen
2014-06-26
Face Image Classification by Pooling Raw Features
Fumin ShenChunhua ShenHeng Tao Shen
2014-06-26
Spatial Pyramid Pooling in Deep Convolutional Networks for Visual Recognition
| Kaiming HeXiangyu ZhangShaoqing RenJian Sun
2014-06-18

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